Whats Killing Our fruit Trees?

Peach Tree Bore

Peach Tree Bore

What’s killing our peach and cherry trees? That’s the question I asked myself when we were at our farm late last March and I noticed our peach and cherry trees were under a lot of stress. With me just learning to be a farmer I had no idea what it could be.  So when we went home I started researching online and found the most likely culprit was the Peach Tree Bore. When we went back to the farm again in May I looked for the signs of the Peach Tree Bore and sure enough… that’s what was causing the damage.

In this post I will show you what the peach bore looks like and the signs to look for and what you can do to get rid of and prevent them from harming your trees.

What is the Peach tree bore?

The peach tree bore is a moth that looks like a wasp that lays eggs in the  ground at the base of your fruit trees.  Once the eggs hatch out as a larve that looks like a skinny grub, it burrows into your tree trunk just below ground. They like stone fruit trees which are all fruit trees that have a pit in the center of the fruit, like nectarine, plum, cherry, and of course peach. It usually won’t kill a mature tree but if your trees are very young like ours it can kill them.

peach tree bore larvae

peach tree bore larvae

 

What to look for

The first thing you may notice is your trees may look like they are under stress or dying. The two cherry trees looked like they had died but sprouted again down towards the bottom of the tree trunck. The peach trees started growing water sprouts to get more leaves to help support it. When a young tree does this it is a sure sign that it is under stress from something.

Farm flooding 5

You can see here what is called water sprouts that are nothing more than many small branches that sprout out from the limbs of our peach trees.

If it looks like your trees are under stress dig into the ground at the base of your tree and look for a clear jelly like substance that will be covering an entrance hole of the larvae. If you see this then you know it is from the peach tree bore.

How we treated our trees

The first thing I did was locate several entrance holes of the larvae and I used an old fishing jig I had in my tackle box and I straightned out with a pair of pliers and I jabbed into the holes to kill the larvae.

Use a small wire or a straightened fishing hook like I did hear to kill the larvae.

Use a small wire or a straightened fishing hook like I did hear to kill the larvae.

Now if we lived there this is all I would have to do.  I could keep watch over the trees and check on them to make sure no other larvae are boring into out trees so I keep our fruit pesticide free… but we don’t so I have to resort to using chemicals until the day we move there.

What we used to kill the Peach tree bore.

What we used to kill the Peach tree bore.

I used Borer-Minor Killer by mixing 1 ounce to a gallon of water and I poured it all over the tree and around the base on the ground to help kill any larvae that I might not have killed with my fishing hook. Believe me when I tell you, I don’t like using any insecticide at all but since we are not there to constantly watch over our trees I felt I had to resort to this to help protect our investment in these trees.

Me watering some of our fruit trees on our farm with the Borer-Minor insecticide.

Me watering some of our fruit trees on our farm with the Borer-Minor insecticide.

The best defense against the peach tree bore is to have healthy trees, but our trees were under stress from last summers drought they had in Iowa and that caused our trees not to produce much sap and this allowed the Bore to bore into our trees and the tree didn’t have enough sap flowing to drown the larvae. If we could have been there to water our trees last summer we probably wouldn’t have this problem.

I don’t know if our peach and cheery trees are going to make it but it was a lessoned learned. At least we know now what we are up against and will do a better job of protecting our trees from here on out.

 

Posted in Gardening | 8 Comments

I don’t have Lyme Disease

I am happy to report I don’t have Lyme Disease. I got the blood work information yesterday and it was negative. I am happy about that because lots of times there is no full recovery from it. It was a big enough scare I plan on using deepwoods off with deet every time we go out on the farm from here on out. My wife has been bugging me about that anyway, epically after I got into some chiggers and shared those with her:)

The bad news is, this means I just have bad arthritis which there is no cure. I also don’t know why I don’t have any energy. Maybe its like what I chalked it up to in the first place, old age and being over weight. I am sure if I could loose these extra pounds it would help tremendously.

I am home now laid up from work because I slipped on some urine on the platform at one of our train stations and fell and twisted my ankle. I will at least be laid up until Wednesday of next week. Its all just part of the many dangers of being a train conductor in Chicago.

Looking at the bright side, maybe I will have some time now to finish some post that I have started.

Posted in Ramblings | 12 Comments

Lyme Disease

My friend Tom and his Sheep.

My friend Tom and his Sheep.

My friend Tom who lives by our farm called me the other day and told me he was diagnosed with having Lyme Disease. He had been having many medical issues for the last several years and doctors he had been seeing, missed diagnosed on all ailments and his health never improved.. He was searching the internet to see what could be causing  his problems and his symptoms were like Lyme Disease. He mentioned this to his doctor and then did a blood test and he was found to have the disease. He said he is now taking megdoses of antibiotics and said he is feeling better then he has in a long time and hopefully he is on the road to full recover. Not everyone responds and recovers from the disease.

Tom is not the only friend that I know that has gotten Lyme Disease in Iowa. Another friend was turkey hunting the spring before last,  near our farm and had gotten bitten by a tick and noticed a red bullseye rash had developed at the spot he was bitten.. He got his self  checked and was lucky he had gotten  diagnosed early.

I tell you this because I too have found ticks on  me on several occasions  when we go to our farm and I am having some symptoms that could be from the disease. Last fall I had  gotten bitten by chiggers on our farm and wrote about it in my post titled “Chiggers a hard lesson learned” At the same time I found some ticks too.

Symptoms of Lyme Disease

One of the first symptoms is a red bullseye rash at the area where you were bitten. I didn’t notice any red bulls eyes but with all the chigger bits I had, I might have missed it or in about 20% of the cases no bulls eye developed.

The next thing that one might experience is to have flu like symptoms a week or more after the bite. I had flu like symptoms about 10 days after I had the chigger bites,  I did a post “The New Gander Hill Pond” and mentioned it towards the end of that post when we were back at our farm 10 days after the chigger bites.

Another symptom is what they call Lyme arthritis and this usually happens in the knees. I have been having almost constant knee pain since around the first of the year. I have just been writing it up to arthritis and old age but nothing seems to help it.

Me watering some of our fruit trees on our farm

Me watering some of our fruit trees on our farm

The last symptom I have is I have been very fatigued and wasn’t sure why. I just chalked it up to working 12 hour days and not being as young as I used to be. With my knees hurting and me being so tired I was having lots of doubt whether I was going to be able to build our pole barn house once I retired.

I don’t know if I have Lyme disease but will let all know when my blood work comes back.

Posted in Ramblings | 8 Comments

How To Plant a Food Plot for Deer, Turkey, Geese and Ducks.

This is an old barn on I 80 that we always go by when we go to our farm in southern Iowa.

This is an old barn on I 80 that I have been meaning to take a picture of when we go by it on our way to our farm in southern Iowa. I finally did it this trip.

To plant a food plot for deer, turkey, geese and ducks all you need is some good soil, good seed and the proper amount of moisture and you too will be successful in a planting a great food plot for wildlife.

When we planted our pasture seed along  the area where we had our pond dug out we had not planned to plant a food plot for the local wildlife but that is exactly what we have done. When we went to our farm recently and pulled up and looked at our pond we could see lots of new green grass and at least 4 geese and a half-dozen ducks eating our new pasture like they were at an all you could eat buffet.

We planted a good mixture of grasses like tall fiscue, orchard grass, prennial rye grass, Alfalfa, White Clover, Red Clover, and Timothy for our area around our pond.

In this picture you can see the good mixture of grasses like tall fescue, orchard grass, Perennial Rye grass, Alfalfa, White Clover, Red Clover, and Timothy we planted around our pond.

When we got down to the area we planted to inspect it better, we saw lots of tracks from deer, turkey, geese, ducks and many more animals we didn’t recognize and it looks like all have been dining on our new grasses. We don’t mind seeing lots of wildlife eating our grass. That is what we look forward to seeing when we move there, but wished they would have waited some until the roots on the grasses had a chance to grow deeper so when the animals eat the grass it wouldn’t pull the grasses up by roots and all.

This pasture would have been better if the local wildlife would have let it get established more.

This pasture would have been better if the local wildlife would have let it get established more.

The animals thought we planted it all just for them, we are not complaining, it’s all good and has turned out well. We even planted another 40 lbs of seed but not sure we will get the required rain to make it germinate. I guess time will tell.

We couldn’t mow down around our trees that are planted on our bottom ground because of the recent flooding and it was still to wet and muddy. We did mow up on our building site and we did find some troubling things going on with our fruit trees and I will do a post about that soon. Until then enjoy some more pictures of our recent visit to our farm and of the old barn at the top of the page.

Click on all pictures to enlarge them.

Gander Hill

If you look closely, you will see 3 geese that retreated to Gander Hill when we came down to look at our grass. I am sure they have done that many times to avoid predators on our farm.

Gander Hill Pond

This is how it all used to look around our pond this time of year before we had our pond dug out and piled the dirt around the pond.

North Pasture

Our North pasture is looking good after we mowed it this past fall.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

 

 

 

Posted in Farm Report | 6 Comments

Flooding Update

Our grass seed has started to grow.

Our friend Tom took this picture this past week and it shows our grass seed has started to grow.

My friend Tom went to our farm this past week to check on our grass seed to see if any has come up and I am happy to report not all was lost because of the flooding. He said there is a lot of green grass growing all over the Levy where we planted the seed and even places where we didn’t. As you can see from the photo above, grass is growing where we didn’t plant it. It was probably blown there from the strong winds or the flooding not sure which. Grass seed needs to be kept moist to help it germinate and with all the rain they have had there these past several weeks has created perfect conditions for this to happen.

The area left of our pond doesn't look to have flooded.

The area left of our pond doesn’t look to have flooded.

 

Posted in Farm Report | 10 Comments

Flooding on Gander Hill Farm

Gander Hill Pond flooded My friend Tom called me today and said he went to our property to see if we had any flooding from the recent 4 inches of rain they had there. He said it had flooded and sent me some pictures. It looks like all of the straw we put down over our grass seed has washed away and probably all of our grass seed as well. All the money we spent for grass seed, gas driving there, and motel room has been all wasted. I was hoping it wouldn’t flood until the grass seed had germinated and started to grow so we wouldn’t have much erosion, but we were not so lucky.  I am sure we had lots of erosion as well. It is times like these when I think about selling and buying some better farm ground.

We don’t plan on going back to the farm to put more seed down. What ever seeds the flooding has brought will have to do. One good thing, the pond is now full.

Posted in Farm Report | 10 Comments

Farm Report April 2014

 

Our pond we had dug out is starting to fill up.

Our pond we had dug out is starting to fill up.

We made it down to our farm recently to check out the pond and to plant some grass seed where we had it excavated. We also checked on our trees that we have planted to see how they fared through the winter and to check on our pole barn and all it contents. I am happy to report all is well.

It was nice to see the pond with about two feet of water in it. There on the farm we didn’t get nearly the snow we did here in Chicago, if it had it would have been full by now.

We put down about 100 lbs of mixed grass seed altogether. My friend Tom put down about 40lbs for us, but  he didn’t think that was nearly enough and he suggested we put at least another 40lbs down. So we drove to the farm and put another 60lbs down.

After putting out the grass seed we then we put 9 bales of straw on top of it to help keep the birds from eating it all and the straw helps keep the seed moist so it has a chance to germinate. It was a lot of work and I hope it gets enough rain to germinate and then grows and gets established before the area floods which it has done at least once a year since we bought the place in 2009. It was a two-day job but we managed to get it done. The soil where we planted the seed looks really good and very black and is some of the best looking soil I have ever seen. It was also light and fluffy and we didn’t drive on the ground to keep from compacting it. I think the seed will grow good if given enough moisture.

Straw on our grass seed.

Here we are starting to put the straw over the grass seed.

 

There was a little erosion on the embankment but nothing to worry about yet. We have to keep our fingers crossed and hope it all gets established before the heavy rains and flooding comes and causes major erosion.

I took our battery charger with us just in case our tractor wouldn’t start after sitting all winter, but there was no need. The tractor started right up. They only thing that worried me was a mouse ran from up by the engine compartment through my legs under the seat somewhere. I am not afraid of mice for myself but only worried about them chewing engine wires on the tractor. The next time we go back I will need to get something that will get rid of the mice, not sure what to do, I don’t like to use poison because that could kill other animals that would eat the mice. I am thinking my best plan of action is to get several different kinds of traps and use some bird seed to lure them in.

We checked on our tree tubes and fruit trees while we were there and the pvc poles we replaced the bamboo poles with on our tree tubes have held up well. We didn’t see one tree tube toppled over. I am glad we did the extra work and replaced them all, it was well worth the effort.

This is one of the Honey Crisp apple trees we planted last fall.

This is one of the Honey Crisp apple trees we planted last fall.

 

We also looked at all of our fruit trees while we were there and every one of them including the two Honey Crisp apple trees we planted last fall are looking good. I have to admit I was a little bit worried that when we mowed the fields next to all the trees we planted and cut down all the small willow trees that we might be asking for trouble and all the field mice and voles would head to our trees and girdle them. We didn’t see any evidence of that and will do a better inspection the next time we go to the farm in May.

Every thing is looking good at the farm and we can’t wait until the day we retire and move there for good.

Posted in Farm Report, Tree tubes | 16 Comments